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The Journey Beyond

Coffin of the priest Khnumhotep

Middle Kingdom

An excellent example of a typical Middle Kingdom coffin, this dates to the 12th Dynasty and comes from the cemetery of the local district governors in Meir, Middle Egypt.
Each side has an offering formula to Anubis and Osiris, on behalf of the deceased, requesting what was most important: provisions for the afterlife, and a perfect burial.
A prayer runs down the lid, and also identifies Khnumhotep’s mother, Henib. The vertical texts confirm that the deceased is revered before many gods: Qebehsenuef, Hapy, Nut and Geb; Imsety, Shu, Tefnut and Duamutef; Nephthys, Selqet and the Great Ennead; the Small Ennead, Neith, and Isis.
The coffin is made of good quality wood, the planks lightly washed with a yellow pigment before the inscription was painted. The eye panel allowed Khnumhotep to see the rising sun in the east, and any funerary offerings laid before him; a small inscription below the panel, though now very faded, asks for “a thousand bread and beer”.

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National Museums Scotland
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National Museums Scotland

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