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Tweed Manufacturing in Nithsdale

Tweed Manufacturing in Nithsdale

The origins of the factory based tweed industry in Dumfriesshire are to be found in the domestic wool trade, notably in handloom weaving of coarse cloth and plaiding. The existence of textile skills in the community and the success of firms in the hosiery trade were important growth factors. Tweed weaving in Dumfries dates from 1846, when Robert Scott & Sons took over a large factory, formerly a sawmill, at Kingholm Quay on the Nith, about a mile south of Dumfries. At the outset fine-yarn spinning for the hosiery trade was the main activity, but shortly after the opening of the factory John M'Keachie, a damask weaver in Maxwelltown joined the firm and supervised the experimental weaving of tweed.

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