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The Medieval Period (1100AD - 1499AD)

Craft, Industry and trade

The Dumfries Hoard


The Dumfries hoard was discovered in 1878 during demolition work in an old house in Dumfries. Unfortunately the exact location of the hoard remains unknown, however the contents of the discovery are rather better recorded. A corroded mass of some 213 silver sterlings were found, including seven from the reign of King Alexander III and one from John Balliol. The overwhelming majority of coins however come from the reign of Edward the I and Edward II, and number some 203 in total.


In addition to these finds, a number of silver objects were found, including a small cross, fragments of a chain, a complete broach and a small bow handle. Coins continue to be found during the digging of foundations of houses in the town.


It is interesting to note that the majority of Scottish hoards of this period (from the First and Second Wars of Independence) contain a majority of English coinage due to the higher silver content in English coins over Scottish examples.



The collection is currently held by the Society of Antiquities. 


Place of Discovery:
213 silver coins
Accession number:
The Society of Antiquities
RCAHMS site record:
Dumfries Hoard
Black, G F (1893c) 'Notice of various antiquities found in Dumfriesshire, and now preserved in the National Museum in Edinburgh', Trans Dumfriesshire Galloway Natur Hist Antiq Soc, 2nd, vol.8 Page(s): 98


Davidson, J (1949) 'Coin finds in Dumfriesshire and Galloway', Trans Dumfriesshire Galloway Natur Hist Antiq Soc, 3rd, vol.26 Page(s): 105


PSAS (1882) 'Donations to and purchases for the Museum and Library, and exhibits', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.16 Page(s): 144